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Site Jornal do Brasil - 21 de Fevereiro de 2002
http://jbonline.terra.com.br/jb/papel/colunas/insite/

Um clássico psicodélico - por Marina Lemle

Psicodelia .mus
Quem ficou curioso de ouvir o rock psicodélico da Spectrum por causa da reportagem no caderno B de quinta-feira passada pode baixar trechos das 12 músicas do disco Geração Bendita, de 1971, no site oficial da banda, spectrum.mus.br. São trechos curtos, mas que revelam o poder musical e poético da banda hippie de Nova Friburgo.

Também é imperdível o trailer do filme É isso aí, bicho, de Carlos Bini, que retrata a vida ''paz e amor'' de uma comunidade alternativa formada pelos próprios músicos. A qualidade da imagem é tão ruim que parece uma alucinação, o que não estaria fora de contexto. Tanto que o locutor avisa: ''você vai fundir a cuca, bicho. Venha curtir uma com a gente''.

O site traz ainda letras de músicas, muitas fotos, cartazes e a história do grupo, que também atuou em outro filme de Bini, Guru das sete cidades, rodado no Piauí.

Só pra lembrar: a Spectrum foi redescoberta pelo colecionador Luiz Antônio Torge, que tem um site de discos brasileiros raros, o ratolaser.hpg.ig.com.br. O disco Geração Bendita será relançado em abril em CD pelo selo alemão Psychedelic Music psychedelic-music.com.

Leia mais sobre rock em www.senhorf.com.br.

 

Jornal do Brasil - 14 de Fevereiro de 2002

Um clássico psicodélico - por Silvio Essinger

Disco gravado em 1971 por uma obscura banda de Friburgo vira cult na Europa, onde colecionadores pagam até US$ 2 mil pelo LP

O que havia restado para o funcionário público aposentado José Luiz Caetano, 49 anos, era apenas uma fita cassete, que ele ouvia em suas viagens de carro pela serra. ''Chorava de alegria e tristeza. Sentia um arrepio ao ver a amplitude do trabalho que tínhamos feito. E tudo se perdera no vento, jogado em alguma prateleira'', diz José Luiz. Na tal fita estavam as músicas do disco Geração bendita, gravado em 1971 com sua banda Spectrum, formada por amigos beatlemaníacos de sua cidade, Nova Friburgo. Sem repercussão alguma em sua época, o trabalho acabou vingando só 30 anos depois, por vias tortíssimas: depois de virar raridade, cult mesmo entre colecionadores europeus, Geração bendita foi relançado em outubro de 2001 em caprichada edição de vinil, numa tiragem limitada, pelo selo alemão Psychedelic Music. Mais: quem quiser comprar um LP original de 1971, em bom estado, tem que desembolsar até US$ 2.000.

Saudado na Alemanha como uma pérola do rock psicodélico sul-americano, o disco relançado vendeu toda a tiragem de 410 cópias em uma semana (outras 40 tiveram que ser guardadas para os clientes da internet). Em abril, Geração ganhará sua primeira edição oficial em CD, também na Alemanha.

''O tempo ficou curto e a cabeça pequena'', diz José Luiz, que, com toda a satisfação, deixou a pacata vida de lado e hoje vive em meio a uma frenética troca de e-mails e telefonemas com representantes de selos fonográficos e colecionadores no exterior. Em 1998, ele estava completamente desanimado, depois de tentar promover uma reunião da banda, que rendeu apenas uma edição caseira do disco em CD. Tudo indicava que se perderiam na memória as músicas, feitas para a trilha sonora do inacreditável Geração bendita, anunciado como ''o primeiro filme hippie brasileiro'', feito em ''uma comunidade hippie autêntica''. Até que um dia o músico foi procurado pelo colecionador Luiz Antônio Torge, que mantém um site com capas de discos brasileiros raros, o Rato Laser (www.ratolaser.hpg.ig.com.br).

Paulada - ''Há uns oito anos, um peruano que mora em Burbank, nos Estados Unidos, me enviou uma lista de discos brasileiros que procurava. No final da lista, havia um tal de Geração bendita, que ninguém conhecia'', diz Torge. Um amigo conseguiu então para ele a obscura bolacha psicodélica. ''Escutei e foi aquela paulada. Ele não perde para nenhum baita disco americano ou europeu do mesmo estilo.'' O colecionador só conseguiu chegar a José Luiz por intermédio do diretor do filme, Carlos Bini, o único nome completo na contracapa do disco original, que fora lançado pelo extinto selo Todamérica, especializado em cantores do rádio.

Logo a descoberta chegou a Thomas Hartlage, do Psychedelic Music (www.psychedelic-music.com), em uma fita enviada por Torge. ''Fiquei tão impressionado com o som e com as composições que passei um ano tentando comprar o LP original. Por fim, consegui uma cópia no Brasil, pela qual paguei US$ 1.500'', diz Hartlage. E a fama de Geração bendita se espalhou. ''Ele é uma jóia da música psicodélica'', elogia Hans Pokora, autor da série de livros Record collector dreams, que compila capas de raridades roqueiras do mundo inteiro. ''Além de ser ótimo, ele é raro também, o que torna a obra ainda mais cultuada'', acrescenta Luiz Antônio Torge. ''E o fato de as músicas não serem covers de bandas da Europa ou Estados Unidos deixa os colecionadores loucos.''

Ouvir os poucos mais de 29 minutos do Geração surpreende qualquer roqueiro, até o mais experimentado. Apesar do som precário (os instrumentos eram de terceira mão e as novas cópias do disco tiveram que ser tiradas de um LP, já que as fitas master desapareceram), trata-se de um excelente disco de rock, com ecos do psicodelismo de Jimi Hendrix, o peso de Cream e Steppenwolf (a grande paixão da banda) e das impecáveis harmonias vocais de Simon & Garfunkel e The Mamas & The Papas. As guitarras falam alto em faixas como Quiabos (nome do sítio onde vivia a comunidade hippie do filme), Pingo é letra e Trilha antiga.

Viola e guitarra - Há também belas baladas, só com as vozes dos integrantes e o acompanhamento de uma viola caipira (substituindo o violão de 12 cordas, inacessível para os garotos), que José Luiz Caetano comprou em 1970 e guarda até hoje. Entre elas, Mary you are, Tema de amor, Mother nature e Maria imaculada. A faixa mais psicodélica mesmo é Concerto do pântano, com a combinação da viola com slide e guitarra com efeito wah-wah. O hino hippie A paz, o amor, você encerra o disco em grande estilo - nada a dever, por exemplo, aos Mutantes de Jardim elétrico.

Produzido por Carl Kohler, dono do Quiabos, o filme Geração bendita era a grande oportunidade que o Spectrum tinha de entrar na mídia. ''Uma história nunca vista no Brasil! Uma geração simples, divertida, humana, bela e inteligente! Você vai fundir a cuca, bicho!'', anunciava o trailer do filme, que originalmente seria um documentário, mas acabou virando ficção com a entrada no projeto do diretor Carlos Bini. ''O filme não é nenhuma obra-prima, mas retrata uma época'', diz hoje José Luiz Caetano. Bondade dele: Geração bendita poderia ser exibido hoje em dia como uma curiosidade trash, com cenas de hippies queimando um aparelho de TV, tocando flauta à beira do rio, queimando fumo e destroçando com fúria um leitão assado.

Com interpretações constrangedoras e um fiapo de roteiro, centrado na história de um burocrata que larga tudo para viver com os hippies que acampam na praça principal de Nova Friburgo, Geração bendita, o filme, tem uma cena antológica, em que todos tomam banho nus num rio, no qual um treslocado vai derramando um balde de tinta para colorir a água. ''Alguns dizem que a minha bunda está ali, mas eu não me vejo'', brinca José Luiz, que jura não ter ido fundo na onda daquela época. ''Minha droga era a música'', assegura.

Big Boy - Proibido a princípio pela Censura, Geração bendita acabou sendo lançado só em 1972, e em poucos cinemas, com o título de É isso aí, bicho!. E nada aconteceu. Frustrados e sem empresário, os músicos do Spectrum se separaram - isso, apesar de terem recebido elogios e uma convocação de um de seus ídolos, o radialista Big Boy, do Baile da pesada. Com nova formação, chegaram a tentar a sorte em boates de Ipanema, numa onda meio Cream. Mais tarde, com a adesão do vocalista (já falecido) Wirley, embarcaram numa onda Led Zeppelin. Nessa, gravaram a trilha de outro filme de Bini, Guru das 7 cidades. Depois acabaram mais uma vez, só que definitivamente.

Com o fim do sonho roqueiro, José Luiz se casou, foi trabalhar como professor de shiatsu e teve dois filhos. Mais tarde, um concurso o levou a ser funcionário público. No meio tempo, cursou dois anos de Direito, que o ajudaram bastante na hora de se meter no complicado trâmite legal para a liberação dos direitos do disco, quando do convite da Psychedelic Music para o relançamento. Foi uma longa peregrinação que envolveu todos os músicos de Geração bendita ainda vivos: o baterista Fernando (que trabalha com informática no Rio) e os guitarristas Sérgio (desenhista da construção civil em Friburgo) e David (pecuarista em Bom Jardim). O baixista do disco, Toby, morreu no começo dos anos 90 num acidente de carro.

''O Geração ainda é um disco atual, em letra e música'', acredita José Luiz, que montou um site do Spectrum (www.spectrum.mus.br) e trabalha agora pelo seu relançamento em CD no Brasil. Ele sonha inclusive fazer um videoclipe, com cenas do Geração que estão em poder de Carl Kohler, hoje recluso e desiludido com o meio cinematográfico. Trinta anos depois, o músico continua no clima paz-e-amor do filme - em sua opinião, o sonho não acabou e os anos 70 sequer começaram. ''O objetivo final do homem tem que ser o humanismo'', prega José Luiz.

 

Photo: Rosane Marinho



The musician José Luiz Caetano. In the beggining of the 70's, he played in 'Spectrum': the rarity psichedelic collector from Germany have changed the life of the retired. He was bitter because his effort was not recognized.

Site Senhor F ( www.senhorf.com.br ) October / 2001
German label relaunches Spectrum in vinyl - by Fernando Rosa

After a long negotiation between a German label and a Brazilian recording company, which at the time (1971) launched the disk and the members of the band, the album " Geração Bendita ", of the Spectrum group, from Nova Friburgo is now being relaunched. It is one of the rarest and most important disks of the Brazilian psychodelia.

Launched in 1971, as a soundtrack of the homonym movie, European, American and Japanese collectors considered the album the best and the most radical representative of the Brazilian psychodelia, toghether with the disk "Módulo Mil ", " Não fale com Paredes " , incidentally, also reedited in vinyl, in Germany.

The new edition has vinyl format 180 grammes with the original cover in hard paper, and will have a limited issue of 450 copies, duly numbered, following the standards of the beautiful albums distributed by the Psychodelic Music, that sponsored the relaunching of the album.

Now, Caetano, the guitarist, who is responsible, on behalf of the band, for the negotiations for the new edition of the album, is also engaged in relaunching the CD in Brazil, in CD version. He is dealing with TODAMERICA Records , the original detainer of the rights, and other interested labels.

The sites RatoLaser and Senhor F sponsored the initial contacts between the band and the German label and divulged the album, calling the attention to its existence and also for the possibility of a new edition in Brazil and/or abroad.


Senhor F - A Revista do Rock
Copyright@Fernando Rosa

 

Magazine Show Bizz - November 2000
"The country of the Baurets" by Fernando Rosa

Geração Bendita
The first Brazilian hippie movie had a celebratory soundtrack
by Fernando Rosa

It was 1971, two years after Woodstock, and the Brazilian youth still lived under the effects of the "Age of Aquarius ", even though a little late. In the wave of peace and love, a group of young musicians and movie makers from Nova Friburgo, in Rio de Janeiro, deeply clived into the production of what that time was called " the first Brazilian hippie movie ". Entitled " Geração Bendita ", the movie directed by Carlos Bini, and taken in the same region, left registered, besides the images of a time, a soundtrack as surprising as rare. At the average age of 21, the experience of the group summed up to the local scene where they began by playing covers of The Beatles " so well done that many times people even believed the sound was from a radio or a tape recorder, says today the eletric guitar player Caetano.

The album with a little more than thirty minutes assembles twelve songs, most of the lyrics speaking about peace, love, freedom, nature and other themes and values meaningful of that time. "We didn't have any technical resources. The instruments were national, second or third hand, but there was a higher power that moved us on which was the feeling of that generation, as Caetano, who still kept playing in that region, tells. Both he and the other players of the band still live in Nova Friburgo, and share with the city and many of today's distinguished inhabitants the memory of those "magic moments, bright and intensely lived". Although ignored during its time, that album keeps on and nowadays is among the first in the "want lists" of world collectors of psychodelic uniqueness (it is one of the LPs of the " 2001 Record Collector Dream ", book edited by the Austrian Hans Pokora, who collects covers of the exquisite records from all over the world ). This interest recently called the attention of foreign labels specialized in limited vinyl reeditions - 180 grammes, and even in CD, that tried to contact the band to reissue the album. A matter which has been dealt with the original label pertaining the rights of the edition that may turn into a national circulation, which finally turn the record " Geração Bendita" available to all the common people.

 

 

Newspaper "O DIA" - November 27th, 1970
" Arrested artists and Shaved heads "

Niterói (Branch) - By arresting artists, directors and producers of the movie "Geração Bendita" that would show current scenes of the hippie youth, Nova Friburgo chief of police, Mr.Nei Richard, didn't allow the making of the movie. The local population was curious before the realism and the beautiful scenes that were shot.

All the leading actors of the film, after having their head and beard shaved off and being stripped of their exotic clothes, were set free.

The film maker Carlo Bini, producer of the film, declared that he will sue the chief of police for authority abuse and he will also contract a lawyer to enter a plea for serious damages.

Many fans of the hippies artists joined in front of the police station and protested against the arrest. Some, outraged by to the facial distortions of the film stars, threatened to break up in the police station, but the policemen in a painstaking effort managed to prevent them from doing this.

Psychedelic Scenes

The film maker Carlos Bini, of the new generation of film producers, despite being young, was the winner at a Short Movies Festival. After that he went on working on more sophisticated projects and decided to film "Geração Bendita" bringing into focus the hippie movement and its implications, a current topic.

For the purpose of that film, he contracted nine young men and five young women who were successful in playing the characters of the film. He chose his little farm called "Sans Souci" in Nova Friburgo to film the most exciting and vivid scenes, which depict a special time of a non-conformist youth.

Others scenes were filmed in Getúlio Vargas Square one of the most crowded places of Nova Friburgo. Yesterday, when the artists were playing a strong scene in a brightly coloured and specially new designed psychedelic jeep, the chief of police turned up and screamed:

- Cut! Everybody is under arrest. Don't leave the set. From now on you're going to perform at the jail but with shaved off heads and clean artists.

People ran and protested. The crowd booed but nothing was done. As the police officer asked, the artists, directors and producers were arrested and desfigured from their "real" hippie characters.

Outrage

The beautiful young film stars got angry with the chief of police attitude. They tried to explain that in the USA and in other developed nations the hippie movement is discussed in a serious and realistic way always searching for a solution to this well-known matter.

It is said that nowadays the national film industry is successful and foreign critics and producers has been praising our work so nobody could understand the chief of police attitude that seemed to be "old-fashioned and an abuse of authority".

Lawsuit

On the other hand, the film maker Carlos Roberto Bini said he will sue the chief of police ,Nei Richard , "by abuse of authority and for causing serious damages to his company". He also said he had already contracted a lawyer in order to be reimbursed for loss and damages.

The Chief of Police Answer

Nova Friburgo (Newspaper "O Dia ") - Yesterday the chief of police , Amil Nei Richard, said that he decided to shave off around twenty hippies' hair,including a few foreigners that probably would be responsible for the town's changes, out of fear that they would also be summoning young from other places. These hippies disturbed the town's daily routine so the policemen arrested many of them. Soon after a barber was called out to begin the "Shearing Operation". Some long-haired people decided to cut off their own hair lest they might be arrested. At last, the chief of police set everybody free and gave them five days to leave the town.

 

Movie shows the hippies community in Nova Friburgo

One by one the young went arriving at the little farms in Nova Friburgo which have vegetables names such as " Quiabo's " and "Abóbora's", and formed the first hippie community of Brazil. They planted flowers and cultivated the soil for growing crops. They earned their own living by doing craftwork sold in Friburgo. In 1970, fifteen members of the hippie community decided do show their experience in a film entitled "Geração Bendita" and "É isso aí, Bicho".

But although using a 35 mm camera without a zoom and with a cast formed by local people, the film investment was too expensive. The mother of Carl Kohler, the film producer, helped them by offfering three houses and two plots of lands. The coloured film cost too much, and exceeded the estimated three thousand "cruzeiros" (the Brazilian currency at the time) and Carl had to put his two little farms on sale to pay part of the debt.

The Hippie Community

In 68, after had travelled around the world, Carlinhos Kohler decided to grow roses in a little farm in Nova Friburgo and sell them in his own flower shop. But he closed the store soon after, coming to the conclusion that roses shouldn't be sold, they weren't a good product to trade. Then he moved to the little farm where he worked in a small grocery selling farm products.

After a while a friend, a craftsman who lives in Rio, arrived there, and others kept coming there along the two houses in the 52 thousand square metres small farm. They were poor houses, one with two bedrooms, the other with five bedrooms, no ceiling and a manual water bomb outside the houses. A river cuts the little farm and there is a nearby waterfall down below.

These people began to work with leather and copper and sold the products at a craft fair in Friburgo. At the local art exhibition, they reproduced some old paintings of Egypt and Greece spending around five months to get ready . Carlinhos said that this was the most beautiful time of the little farm.

- In an atmosphere of great harmony, many carefree friends came and visit us.

People joined together full of new ideas, so one day, Carlos Bini brought a camera. They filmed the everyday life in some experimental 16mm films. Carlinhos Kohler had already studied cinema then he intended to produce a feature film.

- I started working on something really new. I felt like doing the film whether it's successful or not, it doesn't matter. At this time when rock festival became important like Woodstock, our group formed the only hippie community of Brazil.

Our first aim was to show the real images of our life in the camp. To show to the conditioned man from the cities that there is a choice of having a natural life: planting, cropping feeling. It would show an escape from a declining society.

- But that wouldn't work.. The society has always been decaying. It began since it ceased to be human. We'd rather show the community experience.

The group enjoyed writing songs so they composed the soundtrack of the film with twelve songs. Toby, who lived in the cap with his family, was the arranger. They filmed at "Quiabo's" using the little farm as a choreographic and scenic place. Carlinhos and Bini wrote the script.

- Bini had some experience of cinema. The others in the group were amateurs. But they were spontaneous people and, as the film intended to portray the community, it was not necessary to be a professional artist.

At this time, they were twelve in the community. They stopped working with crafts and closed the small store because they had no time, they were too busy with the film.

Filmings

They started to produce the film in August, 1970 with a company technical material offer. On the second day, some people gave up, so only eight members were left: Caqui, Vitinho, Doady, João and Cristina, Iara, Carlinhos and Bini. The third day was good, everybody was working seriously, improvising in the script.

The film tells us the story of the community that lived at the little farm called "Quiabo's" , about 11km from Nova Friburgo. The group traded craftwork at the local fair. A Baptist vicar persecuted them insisting on regular religious instructions. A frustrated lawyer joins the group but his new way of living disturbs his love affair with a rich young woman from the city.

They filmed on the road, at the little farm and at the surrounding areas. Almost at the end of the work, the police officer arrested all the artists and ordered to shave their heads. After all the explanations, they finished the feature film using 11 rolls of film.

- It's a miracle. It is usually used around 25 or 30 rolls of films. And three hundred thousand " cruzeiros " is too cheap for a film production. The film is beautiful with one of the best coloured photograph of the Brazilian cinema.

The group dubbled the film, without any previous experience. At this time the community has already dispersed. Some scenes were cut from the film by the censorship. It was necessary to film again around 7 min., with the dispersed group and to spend fifty thousand "cruzeiros".

- It's very difficult to succeed in doing something without money. You should only trust on people. And nowadays we deal with money all the time.

The feature film lasts 1h25m and it was released last January after two years and a half of work. The little farms "Quiabo's" and "Abóbora's" are on sale to pay part of the loan asked for the film production.